Regarding the provision of persons with disabilities with technical means of rehabilitation
According to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the state is obliged to take effective measures to ensure the individual mobility of persons with disabilities with the highest possible degree of independence by facilitating access to quality facilities, devices, and assistive technologies.
Providing disabled persons with technical auxiliary (compensatory) means and special means of transportation (hereinafter referred to as technical means of rehabilitation - TMR) contributes to the improvement of the quality of life of persons with disabilities and the achievement of their independence, the preservation of social and professional abilities and inclusion in all spheres of life.
Disabled people are provided with TMR at the expense of the state budget in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on public procurement.
However, according to the legislation on public procurement, the main criterion for choosing a supplier is the proposal of the lowest conditional price, which affects the quality of the purchased goods, works, and services.
The Ministry carries out systematic work to improve the system for providing disabled people with disabilities.
Thus, for the purpose of quality procurement of TMR, an order of the Minister of Labor and Social Protection of the Population of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated August 20, 2018 No. 359 “On Approval of Methodological Recommendations in the Field of Social Protection of Disabled Persons” (hereinafter - Methodical Recommendations) was developed and sent to guide the Akimats of the regions.
Guidelines are intended for the preparation of technical specifications for the goods with an indication of the required functional, technical, quality and operational characteristics for certain types of TMR purchased from the state budget.
In order to shorten the patient’s route and ensure the timely provision of the TSR, a Roadmap on the proactive provision of public services within the framework of a composite state disability-related service will be implemented by the end of this year, which provides for the elimination of the circulation of persons with disabilities to the Office for Coordination of Employment and Social Programs (hereinafter referred to ) for paperwork. The data of individual rehabilitation programs (IRP) will be fed into the information system of the departments for the coordination of employment and social programs (DCESP) of the regions to form a need.
Disabled persons will apply to the DCESP only for receiving TMR, a voucher or referral to the supplier for the provision of prosthetic and orthopedic care.
In 2018, within the framework of the joint project of the Ministry and the United Nations Development Program “Sustainable development of the system of social protection of the population: promotion of programs for social integration and inclusion”, the development of an information system for the Social Services Portal (hereinafter referred to as the Portal) is envisaged.
The portal will bring together recipients and social service providers on a single digital platform. A list of means and services will be available to persons with disabilities on the Portal, from which they will independently be able to choose specific types of services, technical means of rehabilitation, means of transportation, etc. tailored to individual needs.
Regarding providing an accessible environment
Local executive bodies carry out a phased certification of social and transport infrastructure for compliance with an accessible environment for people with disabilities.
As of October 1, 2018, 31.5 thousand objects have been certified, of which 21.1 thousand are subject to adaptation, 19.5 thousand objects have been adapted.
At the same time, it is not possible at the same time to adapt all the buildings of hospitals, schools, shops and other social facilities, built mainly in the 50-70s of the last century, transport facilities of the road-road network, put into operation without considering accessibility for people with limited mobility, it is impossible or additional equipment is costly.
It should be noted that since July 2015 construction standards and regulations in the area of accessibility of buildings and structures for people with limited mobility are in effect on a mandatory basis - all new facilities to be built must meet the requirements of these standards.
With the support of the Republican budget, in 2017, 488 units of road signs and signs were installed at the locations of organizations focused on servicing disabled people in 2017, 45 units of pedestrian crossings are equipped with sound devices.
On an ongoing basis, the regions are updating the Interactive Accessibility Map, in which more than 30 thousand objects have been entered, indicating the legal address, category, and accessibility assessment of the object (the internet portal friendlybuilding.kz).