Our president in his message for the people of Kazakhtan, which was on 10th of January, 2018, he underlined that duting the 4th industrial revoluation, the main focus will be on human capital, and its development, and fair employment.
Social environment has been developing due to our recent reforms.
Effective employment ways have been developing. The system of transparent employment, effective pension and social payment systems have been established.
Implementation of new social initiatives of the President and the Plan of the nation "100 concrete steps" will allow further growth of welfare of the population in 2017.
Firstly, last year in accordance with the instruction of the Head of State pensions were increased by 20% to almost 2 million people, one-off payments for the birth of children -. 27%.
As a result, the size of the minimum pension amounted to 45 700 tenge and on this indicator Kazakhstan takes the first place among the CIS countries, the average pension increased to 66.0 thousand tenge.
Secondly, in order to increase revenues and to promote productive employment in 2017 launched a new program of productive employment and mass business until 2021. 85.3 billion. Tenge was provided for its implementation.
It is possible to ensure employment measures over half a million people, of which about 70% or 300 thousand. Unemployed and self-employed, employed on permanent jobs.
In the first direction of the Program free professional and technical education covers 21,000 young people.
Short-term vocational training for occupations in demand - 71.8 thousand people..
Of completed training employed about 60% or 39.4 thousand. People.
The second area for mass business development in 2017 issued a 7217 micro credits, of which 57.1% are aimed at the realization of start-up projects. As a result of 4123 person started their own business.
In order to expand the availability of credit was introduced by the mechanism of its realization - up to 85% for beginners and up to 50% for existing entrepreneurs. Last year guarantee received 420 participants in the program.
Also in 2017 launched the start of the project "Bastau - Business»., Trained in business skills to 15 thousand people, including protection of business projects of more than 8 thousand people have received micro -. 3314 people.
In the third direction of the Program within the labor market through the promotion of employment and labor mobility provided employment measures 141 thousand. Man.
Last year, the northern regions have moved 408 families or 1.6 thousand persons, from them.:
1) 64.8% of them have moved to rural districts, engaged in farming, grown agricultural;
2) 29.9% moved to the district centers and monotown;
3) 5.3% moved to regional centers.
Third, in 2017 the Government adopted a new concept of migration policy until 2021 and its Implementation Plan (September 2017).
The concept is aimed at improving the mechanisms to attract skilled foreign labor, encouraging relocation of citizens in regions experiencing labor shortages and the return of ethnic Kazakhs living abroad.
On January 1, 2017 introduced new approaches to simplify the mechanisms for attracting foreign labor.
Introduced a paid permit system, according to which to permit the employer pays the tax levy, the rates of which are installed in the corridor from 137 to 250 MCI, depending on qualifications.
In general, permits are issued in a short time. If before, the whole procedure took about one month, starting from 2017, decisions on issuing permits are accepted within 7 working days.
As a result, at the end of 2017 about 3,500 employers received 21,000 permits for foreign labor. Local budgets received additional more than 9 billion.
Involvement of employees of multinational companies to transfer intra-line brought into line with World Trade Organization standards.
Under the new order, starting in 2017, Kazakhstan has a permit for intra-corporate translation are free of charge, and they are not subjects for allocation.
It should be noted that in the past year in the area of migration took place institutional changes to the redistribution of powers between the central government. The Ministry of Labor passed a function of formation of state policy in the sphere of migration. Functions in the field of inter-agency coordination and implementation of public policies within the competence of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
Fourthly, the Ministry continued to implement national qualification system based on the European model. In 2017 it was developed and since the beginning of this year has a new, more detailed studies Qualifier. It includes detailed occupations 1274 to replace 426-year consolidated. Its introduction will allow to carry out a new analysis of labor market, as well as to predict the need in the context of narrow specialties (for example, separately identify the need for doctors - cardiologists, ophthalmologist, etc.).
On behalf of the Head of State in 2017 prepared the system changes to further improve the social security of the population.
So, from January 1, 2018 revised the structure of the subsistence minimum. The proportion of non-food portion is increased from 40% to 45%. As a result, from January 1, 2018 all the social benefits associated with the cost of living, increased to 16%. It touched more 3 Mill. Kazakhstan.
Also from January 1, 2018 pursuant to the 84th national plan implemented step Targeted social assistance to the new format. For low-income families provide comprehensive care, which includes not only cash payment, but also the provision of employment promotion measures.
TSA disabled citizens appointed unconditionally.
In 2018 for these purposes provided 19.2 billion tenge of additional current transfers from the republican budget. (Total of GB - 31 bln.).
In addition, in accordance with the concept of modernization of the pension system until 2030, with the July 1, 2018 the appointment procedure of the basic pension will change.
The dimensions of the basic pension will be directly dependent on the length of the pension system.
At the same time the experience will include periods of work prior to 1 January 1998 and the period of participation in the pension system.
So, with a length of up to 10 years, the basic pension is 54% of the subsistence minimum, which is equivalent to the current size of the basic pension. For each year of service over 10 years, the basic pension will be increased by 2%. In the experience of 33 years or more base pension is 100% of the subsistence.
It is expected that the average size of the basic pension increase is 1.8 times (or until 87% of PM).
In the medium term, this measure will keep the level of the replacement rate at retirement (according to the ILO recommendation of not less than 40%) and will encourage citizens to participate in the regular pension system.
In view of the implementation of the budget of these tasks of the Ministry for 2018 has been increased to 2.6 trillion. tenge and 28.3% of the national budget.
Dear deputies! Dear colleagues!
As pointed out in his address to the head of state, global trends are occurring in the world, such as the acceleration of technological progress, the transition to the fourth industrial revolution, the widespread digitalization of the economy and society, in addition to the fact that carry a huge benefit, include new challenges for the labor market and the life of the entire population.
We must be prepared for possible "release" of the labor force, the inflow of labor from traditional to new industry. To do this, now you need to prepare a system of professional training, orientation and employment of citizens.
At the same time the social protection system should be flexible and adaptive to new challenges on the labor market for the timely preparation for load growth and to ensure a fair deal for our citizens.
According to various estimates, in the coming years, began the automation and digitalization put at risk of extinction from 9 to 50% of the existing routine occupations. At the same time there will be new types of professions that involve new skills, knowledge and competencies.
In this context, in 2018 taking into account the identified challenges and the specific tasks set by the Head of the state, as well as the instructions of the Government of Kazakhstan, the Ministry of the work will focus on the following areas.
The first - the promotion of productive employment. Its main tool is the program of productive employment and mass business until 2021.
At the end of 2017 in a new program of support tools were introduced - subsidies for employers, providing assistance to voluntary resettlement of citizens, the provision of non-repayable grants for the implementation of new business ideas.
Updated Software tools will be covered in the current year about 571 thousand people, including those employed on permanent jobs of more than 300 thousand. Unemployed and self-employed.
The main focus will be to stimulate entrepreneurial initiative and involvement in active employment measures the unemployed and unproductive self-employed.
Thus, in 2018 godu 7.5 thousand citizens of these categories will be given micro as well as more than 3 m from among thousands of people socially vulnerable - irrecoverable grants.
More than 15 tys.grazhdan will be trained in the basics of entrepreneurship project NPP "Atameken" "Bastau-Business."
To ensure trudnodefitsitnyh regions workforce, elimination of regional disparities and demographic imbalances, planned voluntary resettlement of about 9000 people and the provision of subsidies for reimbursement of costs for employers (270), persons who are employed on a permanent job.
For training with technical and vocational education with labor market needs, about 90 thousand. Citizens, mostly young people will focus on training in demand occupations in the labor market.
In order to develop the skills, knowledge and competencies of the Ministry activity will be focused on improving the National Istemi qualifications for skilled manpower.
Currently, in cooperation with employers' associations are determined 550 in the main professions in demand industries.
Until 2020, it is to develop them for the modern professional standards, with a clear fixation of skills and competencies.
Developed and will be implemented in 2018 70 professional standards, another 230 will be developed before the end of the year.
educational programs aimed at the development of job functions, qualifications and competences will be updated on the basis of professional standards requirements.
In order to improve measures to promote employment, we have developed a draft Law on amendments to the law on employment, which is currently under consideration by the Majilis.
The bill provides for rules to enhance the competitive environment in the labor market and the availability of services in finding jobs for the needy in the citizens and candidates for employers.
Adoption of the bill is expected in the second quarter of this year
The formalization of the self-employed in 2018 is necessary to ensure the implementation of regional road maps for the self-employed and the formalization of the Integrated Employment Assistance plans. Achievement of planned indicators for inclusion of self-employed in the productive employment - the major problem areas.
On behalf of the Head of the State is necessary to accelerate the development of the draft Law on legalization of informal employment, which will provide a clear definition of self-employed status, facilitated their registration, provided tax incentives.
In order to re-downsized workers and facilitate their further employment in 2017 initiated the development and signing of a major enterprise of the road map. During the first quarter of the current year It scheduled to conclude 600 Road Maps (today concluded -168).
In this regard, the akimat is necessary to ensure the signing of the Road Maps to the end of the first quarter of this year and to organize permanent monitoring of the situation in the region in order to identify companies where possible the release of the labor force.
It is necessary to intensify the work of the regional headquarters of the controlled flow of labor.
The second - the regulation of labor relations.
In accordance with the Labor Code of the regulation of labor relations is based on social dialogue between the government, employers and workers.
Last year, completed the implementation of the General Agreement on social partnership and regulation of labor relations between the Government, employers and trade unions in the years 2015-2017, the results of which testifies to the positive dynamics of the main indicators in the workplace.
Consistently expanding the practice of social partnership, which reduced the number of labor disputes in the past year to 5, for the last five years, this figure decreased by 5 times.
In 90% of large and medium-sized enterprises, 31% of small businesses concluded collective agreements that include obligations of workers and employers.
Improved situation on the labor safety in the workplace. Over the past three years the number of injured at work of employees decreased by 2.6%. It was promoted by the activity created by the production safety tips and safety organizations.
On 1 January 2018 there were more than 12,000 such works councils.
At the same time, I would like to draw your attention to a number of issues requiring joint efforts of the state, the National Chamber of entrepreneurs and trade unions.
First, the wage arrears. In 2017 it was found wage arrears in the amount of 3 bln. Tenge before the 25th thousands of employees. As a result of state labor inspectors in cooperation with prosecutors measures, the debt repaid to employees.
At present, the wage arrears of 2.2 billion tenge, 84% of this debt accounts for the company -. Bankrupts.
Second, to ensure safe working conditions. Despite the overall decline in the level of injury, more than a thousand workers are injured in the workplace and about two hundred and fifty are killed each year.
Third, the lack of legal awareness of employers and employees to conduct effective social dialogue.
To address all issues identified January 31 this year signed a new general agreement on social partnership and regulation of labor relations between the Government, employers and trade unions in the years 2018-2020.
In the implementation of the General Agreement the following tasks will be solved:
The bills will be provided norms for regulation of contract labor, the introduction of self-monitoring mechanism by employers in the field of labor protection, the creation of an electronic registration system, employment contracts.
- in a joint order from the Attorney General's Office, the Ministries of Justice and Finance, will work out a common algorithm of actions for the prevention of debt on wages, mandatory pension contributions and social contributions of workers.
- sectoral and regional tripartite commission on social partnership will be actively involved in the task of preventing labor conflicts and the formalization of labor relations.
In addition, in order to strengthen internal control in enterprises for the creation of safe working conditions SPE "Atameken", together with the republican trade unions must be actively involved in the formation of industrial safety tips and safety in all enterprises traumatic industries.
The third direction - a social security and social assistance, which will also be a number of new initiatives of the President.
On July 1, 2018 will introduce a new allowance for carers of adults disabled since childhood I group, in an amount not less than a living wage.
It is expected that the new manual will get about 14 thousand families. Conformity of draft legislation is currently being considered by the Majilis.
In order to strengthen the relationship between length of service and the size of social payments on compulsory social insurance corresponding draft law will be developed before the end of the year. It updated the parameters of payment of social security systems will be provided.
The fourth direction - development of the system of social services.
Today, the Ministry is implementing the Concept of further modernization of the social services system, whose main goal is to ensure the accessibility and quality of services, which are about 120 thousand. Citizens.
In this context, the main objectives in 2018 are:
First, create a single information system of social services, including the case of organizations and professionals providing special social services. This will allow the move to proactive service delivery, will enable citizens to choose their own organizations and social workers.
The second will be the revision of existing standards for the provision of social services, develop a common approach to their provision. They will be presented step by step sequence of actions depending on the degree of disability or the type of difficult situations.
Third, new approaches to tariff setting will be developed to attract private investment and to improve the quality of services provided.
Fourth, in 2018 to strengthen the human capacity of social services will be established a National Resource Center for Social Work.
Following key areas - is the digitalization of the social and labor sphere.
Firstly, in the past year we have tested in 4 regions, and since the beginning of this year launched a nationwide electronic employment exchange. To her already connected more than 200 employment services, including private employment agencies and internet sites.
Secondly, launched a pilot project on introduction of «e-HR» System - is the creation of a system of electronic registration of labor contracts, the introduction of electronic labor books.
We expect that this trend, coupled with the measures of the Road to formalize will significantly reduce the share of informal employment card, "bring out of the shadows' salaries significantly increase the coverage of pension and social security of the employed population, to establish control of tax revenues, fees and contributions.