In the past year, due to the simplification of procedures for obtaining citizenship for ethnic Kazakhs, 16,000 orthalman families returned to the country. This figure is 8 times higher than the number of people who returned to their homeland in 2015.
At the same time, as a result of the choice of repatriates of Astana and Almaty, as well as southern regions as a permanent residence, the negative balance of arrival of oralmans in the northern regions of Kazakhstan increased.
In general, according to the Minister of Labor and Social Protection Tamara Duissenova: "From 1991 to April 1, 2017 more than 1 million ethnic Kazakhs returned to their historical homeland and received the status of oralman. In 2016, more than 16.4 thousand families (33 754 people), in the 1st quarter of 2017 - 2.6 thousand families (4.9 thousand people). At the same time, the proportion of people of working age who returned in 2016 was 56%, children under 18 years - 39% and pensioners - 4.7%. In 2017, 26.4% of oralmans were children under the age of 18, able-bodied - 67.3%, pensioners - 6.3%. "
The main countries of exodus in the past and this year are Uzbekistan (62% in 2016 and 54.5% in 2017 respectively), China (14% in 2016 and 33.4% in 2017), Mongolia 9% in 2016 and 2.1% in 2017), Turkmenistan (6.7% in 2016 and 4.6% in 2017).
In 2016, the Government identified seven regions for settling oralmans (Kostanay, Atyrau, Akmola, Pavlodar, NKR, EKR, WKR) and four regions of retirement (Kostanay, Pavlodar, NKR, NKR). Kazakhstanis wishing to move to the above-mentioned regions will be provided with subsidies for relocation and housing expenses for one year. In 2017 it is planned to pay subsidies for the relocation of 2,7 thousand citizens.
During the period from 3 to 5 April this year, job fairs were held in two districts of the South Kazakhstan region and in Shymkent where 636 employers from Kostanay, Pavlodar, North Kazakhstan and East Kazakhstan oblasts presented 1,785 vacancies in the spheres of production, education , Public health, public administration, agriculture and construction. Following the results of the fairs, 672 families decided to move to the northern regions of the republic. In addition, between the akimat of the South Kazakhstan region and the Akimats of Kostanay, Pavlodar and East Kazakhstan oblasts, memorandums of cooperation were signed on the issues of meeting the demand in labor resources and increasing labor market mobility.
This year, the Ministry envisages the development of the Concept of Migration Policy for 2017-2021, which will reflect new approaches aimed at effective regulation of migration processes, ensuring sustainable demographic development and the country's needs for skilled labor, and strengthening the country's national security.