Due to the wide vaccination coverage, improving the water quality and improvement of sanitary literacy of citizens over the past 25 years in Kazakhstan, the incidence of hepatitis A among children have been reduced in 308,5 times, BNews.kz reports.
According to the Ministry of education of Kazakhstan, in 2015, was 140 cases of hepatitis A among children to 14 years of age (indicator per 100 thousand population amounted 3.08), versus 43 201 cases in 1991 (indicator on 100 thousand population – 807). Also in 2015 registered 358 cases of hepatitis A among adult population (incidence rate per 100 thousand of the population of 2.07), versus 55 662 cases in 1991 (indicator on 100 thousand population – 331,1).
Hepatitis A (Botkin's disease) is an acute infectious disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus that spread mainly through consumption of the uninfected (or unvaccinated) person of food or water contaminated by the feces of infected person. The disease is closely associated with lack of safe water, inadequate sanitation and poor personal hygiene.
Most often, by hepatitis A sick children who get infected through dirty hands. That is why this form of hepatitis called "the disease of dirty hands".
The average incubation period is 35 days (range 7-50 days).
99% of people get well, 1% can be fatal. Complications are typical for adults, recorded in individuals with any liver disease of viral and non-viral etiology.
To prevent infection it is necessary to observe rules of personal hygiene, drink only purified water as well as wash fruits and vegetables with boiled water.