Improving the mechanism of addressed social assistance
Firstly, the criterion of rendering addressed social assistance will be increased from 50% to 70% of SM (14 849 tenge to 20 789 tenge). As a result, if earlier ASA covered 571 thousand people, from July 1 - more than 830 thousand people;
Secondly, in the appointment of addressed social assistance from the total family income will be excluded state benefits for large families and mothers with many children, awarded pendants "Kumis alka" and "Altyn alka", as well as disability benefits for children and scholarships.
Thirdly, guaranteed assistance in the amount of 70% of the subsistence minimum (20 789 tenge) will be paid for each child from a low-income family every month. The size of the ASA for adult family members will be calculated as before. This will increase the size of the current addressed social assistance by 40% on average.
The family consists of father, mother and four children.
Income - is from labor activity 50 000 tenge, SSB to large families in the amount of 10 504 tenge (with the appointment until 1.01.2018).
Total aggregate family income - is 60 504 tenge.
Average per capita income - is 10 084 tenge.
According to the current order for the appointment of ASA
The size of the ASA for each family member is 4 765 tenge.
Total amount of ASA per family is 28 590 tenge per month.
According to the new order of appointment of the ASA (with the exception of benefits for families with many children and increase the poverty line to 70% of SM (20 789 KZT)).
The size of the ASA for the adult members of the family - 24 912 tenge (12 456 * 2 adult family members)
The size of the ASA for children - 83 156 tenge (20 789 *4 children).
Total size of ASA per family is 108 068 tenge per month.
Fourthly, the procedure for the appointment of ASA will be simplified through the optimization of the requested documents. Thus, in case of lack of data in the information systems, specialists of employment centers or rural akimats will themselves issue requests to the relevant state bodies.
The procedure for the appointment of ASA, which is a comprehensive social assistance to low-income citizens:
firstly, it is a cash payment;
secondly, measures to promote employment, that is, the direction of training, youth practice, social jobs, the issuance of microloan in the prescribed manner;
thirdly, measures of social adaptation, including social rehabilitation of the disabled, conducting legal consultations, help in getting housing assistance for compensation of expenses on payment of housing and communal services, putting on queue for the provision of housing and kindergartens, as well as on the account in female consultations and other measures (organization of sections, clubs, optional classes and free meals for school-age children).
ASA is classified into 2 types: unconditional and conditioned cash assistance.
1. Unconditional cash assistance is provided to families with disabled citizens or families in which the only able-bodied family member for objective reasons is not able to work (takes care of a child under the age of seven, a disabled child, a disabled person of the first or second group, the elderly in need of outside care and assistance).
In order to receive unconditional cash assistance, compulsory participation in employment promotion measures is not required.
2. Conditioned cash assistance is intended for families with at least one able-bodied member and is rendered subject to the conclusion and fair execution of a social contract.
The term of the social contract is 6 months.
Conditioned cash assistance is assigned from the month of apply and is paid monthly or at the same time for the period of the social contract.
To extend the term, the applicant must apply in written form not later than in ten calendar days before the end of the social contract.
The ASA is assigned to citizens with a per capita income not exceeding the poverty line for each family member.
Today the poverty line is defined at 50% of the SM or 14 849 tenge, from July 1, 2019 70% of the SM or 20 789 tenge.
Thus, the size of the ASA per person (family) is calculated as the difference between the average per capita income and the poverty line established in the regions, at the rate on each family member.
At the same time, the total income of the family includes all types of income, except housing and addressed social assistance, as well as measures of state support in terms of participation in active measures to promote employment.
Strengthening social support for families caring for children with disabilities
From July 1, 2019, the amount of state benefits for the care of children with disabilities and for persons older than 18 years of the first group of disability from childhood will be increased by 30%. As a result, the amount of benefits for 100 thousand citizens will be increased from 31 183 tenge to 41 578 tenge.
2. Expansion of measures to promote the employment of large families
In order to strengthen measures to support large families, the program for the development of productive employment and mass entrepreneurship for 2017-2021 "Enbek" (hereinafter - the State Program "Enbek") will include the following measures.
Firstly, a separate quota of grants and micro-loans will be provided. To ensure employment, start a family business, increase the income of large low-income rural families state grants for new business ideas in the amount of 505 thousand tenge (200 MCI) free of charge will be provided for large villagers.
Also, mothers with many children and persons with disabilities in the village will be provided with preferential micro-loans in the amount of up to 6.5 million tenge to start their own business and up to 20 million tenge for the development of anchor cooperation.
Secondly, short-term training in popular professions will be organized, social jobs at home (sewing clothes, baking, etc.) will be opened for large low-income rural families. This will make it possible to combine child care and labor activity, as well as to obtain an additional source of income.
Appropriate changes will be made to the State Program "Enbek" to implement these measures.
The existing measures under the State Program "Enbek”
Implementation of the Program events is carried out in three directions.
The first direction "Providing with technical and vocational education and short-term vocational training" is aimed at creating conditions for the involvement of the population in productive employment through mass education.
Firstly, the opportunity to study the first profession through the system of technical and vocational education (TaVE) is given to unemployed youth, including school graduates who have not enrolled in educational institutions. The annual plan of admission to training personnel for technical and vocational education is 20.2 thousand people.
Secondly, the opportunity to receive short-term vocational training free of charge, with the payment of scholarships and financial assistance is given to youth under 29 years of age, unemployed, self-employed and redundant workers to instill professional skills in professions in demand in the labor market.
The second direction "Development of mass entrepreneurship" is aimed at expanding microloans in cities and villages.
Microloans are given for the purpose of opening, expansion of existing business and development of anchor cooperation for a period of up to 5 years, and for projects in the field of animal husbandry and the creation of agricultural cooperatives - up to 7 years.
The nominal interest rate on loans is not more than 6% per annum.
In terms of the project of NCE "Atameken" the opportunity to learn the basics of business is given to the participants of the Program "Bastau-Business" who wants to do business.
The third direction is "Development of the labor market through the promotion of employment and labor resources mobility."
In the framework of the third direction are provided employment on social jobs, referrals to youth practice and social work.
To stimulate the mobility of labor resources, voluntary resettlement of citizens from labor-surplus (Almaty, Zhambyl, Mangistau, Turkestan, Kyzylorda) regions to labor-deficit regions of the country (East Kazakhstan, Kostanay, Pavlodar, North Kazakhstan region) is carried out.
Within the framework of the Program, the participants of voluntary resettlement are provided with state support measures in the form of relocation subsidies (in the amount of 35 MCI), monthly payments for 12 months to cover the costs of hiring (renting) housing and payment for municipal services (in the amount from 15 to 30 MCI).
Since 2018, employers are provided with subsidies in the amount of 450 MCI for each employee taken on a permanent job from among the immigrants (at least 5 people).
Promoting the employment of young people in terms of the Youth Year
In 2019, a Nationwide project on support youth "Zhastar El Tiregi" will be launched.
In the direction "Zhas kasipker" of this project in terms of the State Program "Enbek":
In 2019, 5 thousand microloans (out of 14 thousand planned) will be issued to young entrepreneurs.
In terms of the direction "Zhas maman", the coverage of youth practice will be expanded by an additional 10 thousand people and will amount to 25.5 thousand young people.
As a result, in 2019, the measures of state support will cover more than 60 thousand young people.