Thanks to the comprehensive measures on social support of citizens made by the state, in the period from 2001 to 2015 proportion of population with incomes below the subsistence minimum decreased from 46.7% to 2.7%, respectively. This indicator demonstrates the reduction of poverty and improving the quality of life of Kazakhstan.
In 2002 was adopted the Law "On state targeted social assistance", providing targeted social assistance (hereinafter - TSA) to low-income citizens who, due to certain objective reasons (age, temporary disability, state of health, lack of work, etc.), experience difficulties in providing conditions for their own life.
Given that a significant proportion of recipients of targeted social assistance are children, in accordance with the Law "On state benefits to families with children" from January 1, 2006, introduced a monthly allowance for children up to 18 years. As a result, the number of recipients of TSA decreased at 30.9 times (from 1.18 million in 2002 to 38.2 thousand persons in 2015).
Along with this, in order to support low-income citizens in 1997 introduced a housing assistance for families whose spending on utilities, home maintenance exceeds the maximum allowable share of expenditures for these purposes. The size and procedure for the provision of housing assistance are determined by local representative bodies.
These are all elements of the system of social support to families, average per capita income below a certain threshold of income.
However, with the current economic environment has developed the need for a revision of the existing minimum social standards, strengthening the targeting of social assistance and support, transition from passive to active policies of stimulating labor activity to overcome difficult situations.
In this regard, to strengthen the targeted provision of social support measures in accordance with the instructions of the head of state in 2014 is implementing the project "Orleu" for the provision of conditional cash assistance to poor citizens. It provides for the transition from the unconditional forms of targeted support to the principles of "mutual obligations" (social contract).
The project implementation contributed to the increase of per capita income of its participants by more than 2 times, involving about 90% of the working participants in measures promoting employment, the reduction of TSA recipients and benefits for children up to 18 years in the whole country – by 31.8% and 2.1%, respectively.
Thus, the adoption of appropriate measures for combating poverty, sustainable growth of basic macroeconomic indicators, the increase in economic activity of the population, growth of employment and incomes has led to significant poverty reduction.