Component 2 "Enhancing Skills for Improved Employment Outcomes and Productivity" aims to provide relevant workforce training to unemployed persons, unproductively self-employed persons, and current employees in need of training to be defined and selected according to the criteria approved by the MHSD of the RK. The activities will be launched as a pilot in three regions (South Kazakhstan, North Kazakhstan, and Astana) and then their full scale-up within the territory of the republic is provided.
Subcomponent 2.1: Improvement of public employment services for unemployed and unproductively self-employed people
This Sub-component aims to improve employment services for unemployed and unproductively self-employed people, especially through enhanced use of the Labor Market Information System (LMIS).
Employment services have traditionally focused on the needs of unemployed people, and therefore, expanding the mandate of Employment Centers (EC) to serve unproductively self-employed people better will require that staff understand the labor market challenges that are specific to this group. Two key activities are supported.
First, it supports the design and implementation of an action plan to improve and expand public employment services through the EC, including in rural areas, based on an assessment of current capacity to serve both unemployed and unproductively self-employed people.
Second, it supports the improvement of the capacity of EC to provide better advice to beneficiaries through introduction of a profiling tool, strengthening of the existing LMIS to enhance the information available to EC staff, and training of staff to adopt a more proactive approach to public employment service provision. Rural areas will also be connected to the LMIS and, hence, jobseekers in remote areas will be able to benefit from job matching and information about other employment services.
This Sub-component will include evaluation of the following components: equipment, information capacity of EC staff and staff of rayon/rural districts and purchase equipment as needed.
At least the following instruments will be developed: job matching, profiling and introduction of individual employment portfolio; and three software: “Profiling”, “Individual employment card” and “Employment map”. EC and rayon/rural districts’ staff will receive capacity building training on LMIS.
.Subcomponent 2.2 Improvement of the relevance of workforce training
This Sub-component aims to identify and assess existing workforce training providers, and where needed build capacity of providers which have the potential but require support to provide more relevant training.
Activities targeted to workforce training providers include: (i) review of the regulatory framework concerning workforce training provision; (ii) development of an inventory of workforce training providers; (iii) assessment of relevance of workforce training and, on the basis of such assessment, development of a list of pre-qualified workforce training providers; and (iv) provision of support to workforce training providers to improve the relevance of training delivery, including through the provision of technical assistance and goods.
The training providers on the pre-qualified list will provide training to unemployed, unproductively self-employed, and current employees under Sub-component 2.3. Both public and private training providers are eligible for support, however, only public providers are eligible for goods. Evaluations will be conducted to assess the outcomes of the training, the results of which will be made publicly available to address the dearth of information on the relevance of workforce training.
Based on the evaluation results, at least four training providers in each region will be selected.
Subcomponent 2.3 Establishment and implementation of a Skills Enhancement Training Program (SETP)
This Sub-component establishes and then finances training offered through the Skills Enhancement Training Program (SETP), which applies a demand-driven approach to financing training activities to target beneficiaries.
The SETP will first be piloted in three regions and then rolled out nationally. The pilots will be evaluated and lessons learned will be used to improve operational guidelines and procedures. During the pilot, different approaches will be tested to improve incentives to invest in training and align the supply of skills with the demand; these may relate to different mechanisms for targeting/selection of beneficiaries and firms, contracting and payment (including performance-based pay) to training providers, and management and implementation guidelines for the SETP.